A. Unique individuals building independence   Next a)

i) Key messages

a) Uniqueness of the individual

All people are unique individuals. Yet the most important message for people working with people with ABI is: people with ABI are unique individuals. The specific effects of ABI on an individual depend on, for example, the severity of the ABI, the location of the brain damage, the length of time since brain injury, the extent a person has been able to integrate back into the community and the support available to the person.

b) Injury- effect - behaviour - strategies

People with an ABI have a brain injury. The injury has an effect on the working of the brain. The working of their brain affects their behaviour. People working with people with an ABI have to manage behaviours. The effects of the injury are unique to the person.

c) For many people with ABI - being the proxy for the frontal lobe

People who have damage to the frontal lobe of the brain often have difficulty with planning, coordinating, getting started, sticking to the task, finishing the task and so on.

One of the consequences of this is that people who have frontal lobe damage need someone to be the proxy for their frontal lobe. They need someone to help them with planning and coordinating, making important decisions. Often this is a family member's role. Sometimes it is the case manager's role.

d) Building independence

People with an acquired brain injury can grow in their skills for independence in the short and long term (except where the ABI is caused by a degenerative disease). The rate of development can be slow and so not noticed. People give up too soon.
Most people with a traumatic brain injury and many others are young - they have a lot of life ahead of them and plenty of time to develop. People with ABI may need support to manage independent skills for life when they can't maintain a skill on their own.

 

 

ii) Graphic summary

The graphic below is one screen from Graphic 10: Working with people with ABI.

It could be used as a starting point for presenting what you learn though the module to others, for example discussing what you have learnt at a staff meeting.

Could I use this graphic to explain the key messages to somebody else?

The graphic is not interactive.Working with ABI - A

 

 

Building independence

Individuals have a life before the ABI.
They have a life after the ABI.
Rehabilitation is part of their life after the ABI.

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Click on Young Adult to click through the screens.